Using the GMAT® Exam to Predict Performance
Clear, reliable information to simplify your candidate selection process.
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Erin O'Brien, Assistant Dean and Director of Graduate Programs at the University of Buffalo School of Management, explains how her program uses the GMAT Exam to predict the success of potential students.
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Measure the skills candidates need to succeed in your graduate management program.
In repeated research studies, GMAT® scores have been found to be an extremely accurate predictor of academic success in graduate management education programs. Unlike grade point averages, which vary according to the grading standards of each school, GMAT scores are based on the same standard for all test takers. So you can compare your applicants' GMAT scores directly with each other regardless of where they came from or what they studied. GMAT scores are the only admissions criteria that are consistent across time and across borders.
This means you can rely on GMAT scores to help you:
- Select the best applicants for your graduate study program
- Help approve financial aid applicants based on their academic potential
- Easily and consistently assess candidates from different countries and their educational and work experiences
GMAT test takers receive five scores:
An Official GMAT Score Report shows each of these scores; in cases of repeat testing, the score report will show all of the test taker's GMAT scores for the past five years.
Test takers may print an unofficial score report after they finish the exam, but this does not include the AWA score or Integrated Reasoning and should not be accepted in lieu of an Official Score Report.
Verbal, and Quantitative Scores
The Verbal and Quantitative scores range from 0 to 60 in single-digit intervals. Scores below 9 and above 44 for the Verbal section or below 7 and above 50 for the Quantitative section are rare.
The Verbal and Quantitative scores measure different constructs and are not comparable to each other.
Analytical Writing Assessment Score
The AWA score is an average of the two independent ratings for the Analysis of an Argument essay. These average scores can range from 0 to 6 in half point intervals.
AWA scores are computed separately from the scores for the other sections of the test and have no effect on the Verbal, Quantitative, or Total scores.
Integrated Reasoning Score
Integrated Reasoning scores range from 1-8 in single-digit intervals. Like the AWA, IR scores are computed separately and have no effect on the Total score.
Total GMAT Score
Total GMAT scores range from 200 to 800. Two-thirds of test takers score between 400 and 600. The scale to the left depicts the Total Score percentile rankings based on the last three years of test-taker results (July 2008 to July 2011).
The Score Report
GMAT score reports include all test results achieved in the past five years, the most recent AWA essay responses, and the following background information:
- Country of citizenship
- Date of birth
- Telephone number
- Undergraduate institution, grade point average, major, and date of graduation
- Intended graduate study
- Highest level of education attained
A “*” symbol indicates that there is no reportable score for a test administration.
GMAT Score Availability
Test takers may print their unofficial scores from the Verbal and Quantitative multiple-choice sections, along with the Total score, immediately after completing the test.
Official GMAT score reports that include the Analytical Writing Assessment score, Integated Reasoning score, and percentile rankings will be available to the test taker and his or her designated score-report recipients (programs) approximately 20 days after taking the test.
Percentiles, or the proportion of scores below a given score, are updated yearly based on scores from all tests taken in the past three years. Percentiles for the recently introduced Integrated Reasoning section will be updated monthly through 2012 and then annually on the same timetable as the other scores.
Locating Old GMAT Scores
GMAC keeps official GMAT score results for 10 years. Candidates may request score reports up to 10 years old if they do not have more recent, valid scores. However, most schools do not accept scores more than five years old.
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